Seminarios JILAEE U Chicago UCEMA

A partir de una inciativa conjunta con The University of Chicago,los seminarios tienen por objeto crear un espacio para presentar y analizar investigaciones experimentales con foco en los países latinoamericanos que ofrezcan nuevas perspectivas en áreas como la educación, la provisión privada de bienes públicos, las preferencias sociales y la economía ambiental.

Las presentaciones están dirigidas al público en general y serán impartidos por investigadores y especialistas visitantes.


Fecha Hora Expositor/Institución Título
13/08 12 h Dr. Fernando Álvarez, Univerity of Chicago

Consumer surplus of alternative payment methods: paying Uber with cash.

En el marco del ciclo de Seminarios que organiza la Joint Initiative for Latin American Experimental Economics, el Dr. Fernando Álvarez de la Universidad de Chicago brindará este seminario exclusivo para presentar un reciente trabajo en el que estima los beneficios privados para los usuarios de Uber al utilizar métodos alternativos de pago. La investigación se enfoca en México, país en el que, a diferencia de los Estados Unidos, los pasajeros tienen la opción de usar efectivo o tarjetas de crédito para pagar los viajes. Se realizaron tres grandes experimentos de campo, así como varios quasi-natural experiments para estimar la pérdida de beneficios privados para los usuarios si se implementa una prohibición de efectivo como método de pago en Uber. Se descubrió que los usuarios de Uber que usan efectivo como medio de pago, ya sea en ocasiones o siempre, sufren una caída promedio de aproximadamente el 50% de los viajes que pagaban en efectivo antes de la prohibición.

También, se registró que el costo de la prohibición del efectivo cae desproporcionadamente en los hogares de bajos ingresos.

El seminario será en inglés.

Expositor

Dr. Fernándo Álvarez : Ph.D. in Economics, University of Minnesota. Es el Saieh Family Professor en el Kenneth C. Griffin Department of Economics, University of Chicago. Se especializa en macroeconomía y finanzas. Es research associate del National Bureau of Economic Research y fue editor del Journal of Political Economy. Fue profesor en Wharton (University of Pennsylvania). Ha publicado en Econometrica, Journal of Political Economy, American Economic Review, Review of Economic Studies, and Quarterly Journal of Economics, entre otros journals. Es fellow de la Econometric Society, fellow de la Society for Advancement of Economic Theory, miembro de la American Academy of Arts and Science, y miembro (correspondiente) de la Academia de Ciencias Económicas (Argentina).

04/11 12.30 h Guillermo Cruces

Seminario JILAEE U Chicago UCEMA: Low Take-Up of Benefits: Field Experiment Evidence from Beneficiaries of Argentina’s Conditional Cash Transfers

Cash transfer and other social protection programs have greatly expanded in developing countries in the last two decades, but their coverage varies greatly, even among eligible individuals. We study the low take up of benefits by means of an information field experiment involving 400,000 beneficiaries of Argentina’s largest conditional cash transfer program (with 2.2 million beneficiaries – parents of 4 million children, 40% of the country’s 0-17 year olds). Beneficiaries are assigned a bank account and a debit card, and can receive a substantial additional monetary subsidy channeled through a VAT rebate when they pay in stores with their debit cards. However, they systematically fail to claim this benefit: only about 15% of beneficiaries receive this additional transfer. The experiment is designed to unearth the extent to which rational (costs, lack of information) and behavioral (inattention, stigma, misperceptions) factors contribute to the low take up of the benefit.

We find that recipients of SMS messages significantly increase their use of debit card and subsequent rebate, but the effects are economically small. The evidence points towards limited information rather than salience effects, and towards frictions related to financial inclusion.

El seminario será en inglés.

Expositor

Dr. Guillermo Cruces :Doctorado (PhD) en Economía,London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Licenciado en Economía,Universidad Torcuato Di Tella. Sub-director del Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP). Cruces es profesor de Economía Laboral para estudiantes de la licenciatura y la Maestría en Economía de la UNLP, también es profesor visitante en la Universidad de San Andrés, e investigador del CONICET.

06/12 18.00 h Ricardo Perez-Truglia

Seminario JILAEE U Chicago UCEMA: How Much Does Your Boss Make? The Effects of Salary Comparisons

We study how employees learn about the salaries of their peers and managers and how their beliefs about those salaries affect their own behavior. We conducted a field experiment with a sample of 2,060 employees from a multi-billion dollar corporation. We combine rich data from surveys and administrative records with data from the experiment, which provided some employees with accurate information about the salaries of others. First, we document large misperceptions about salaries and identify some of their sources. Second, we find that perceived peer and manager salaries have a significant causal effect on employee behavior. These effects are different for horizontal and vertical comparisons. While higher perceived peer salary decreases effort, output, and retention, higher perceived manager salary has a positive effect on those same outcomes. We provide suggestive evidence for the underlying mechanisms. We conclude by discussing implications for pay inequality and pay transparency.

Enlace al Paper

El seminario será en inglés.

Expositor

Ricardo Perez-Truglia:Assistant Professor of Economics in at UCLA’s Anderson School of Management, and is currently a Visiting Professor at Berkeley’s Haas Business School. Before joining UCLA in 2016, Ricardo was a postdoctoral researcher at Microsoft Research New England. He received his Ph.D. in economics at Harvard University in 2014, and his undergraduate degree from Universidad de San Andres. His research interests include behavioral economics, political economy and public economics. His primary research agenda focuses on how social image and social comparisons shape economic behavior. Additionally, he studies how individuals and firms acquire and process information. His research has been published in premiere academic journals and featured in a number of international media outlets.

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